About Cyber Defence in Wales
The 2015 National Security Strategy (NSS) reaffirmed the cyber threat as one of the most significant risks to UK interests. It sets out the Government’s determination to address cyber threats and put in place tough and innovative measures as a world leader in cyber security.
To deliver on that commitment, on 1st November 2016 the Government published the 2016-2021 National Cyber Security Strategy which lays out three objectives to ensure the UK is secure and resilient to cyber threats as well as prosperous and confident in the digital world - DEFEND, DETER and DEVELOP.
Organisations such as the National Cyber Security Centre (part of GCHQ), law enforcement agencies and our military have the means to defend the UK against evolving cyber threats and to respond effectively to incidents.
Cyber Wales is committed to propagating the policies and guidance of the NCSC, working closely with the Welsh Police Cyber Crime Units and proactively supporting the Armed Forces in Wales.
National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC)
Regional Organised Crime Units (ROCU)
Local Welsh Police Forces
Military Joint Forces Cyber Group (JFCG)
The NCSC was set up to help protect critical services from cyber attacks, managing major incidents and improve the underlying security of the UK Internet through technological improvement and advice to citizens and organisations. Based in Cheltenham, NCSC has close relationships with organisations just across the border in Wales.
The Regional Cyber Crime Units (RCCUs) are specialist teams working within Regional Organised Crime Units (ROCUs) forming a critical part of the national policing network. There are two ROCUs covering Wales: The Southern Wales Unit (TARIAN) and the North West Unit (TITAN) who have close relationships with cyber organisations.
There are four Police Forces in Wales: South Wales Police, Gwent Police, Dyfed Powys Police and North Wales Police. Each Force has a local cyber crime capability appropriate to their area and will work with the Cyber Crime Units in the ROCUs as well as refer people to Get Safe Online for advice and to Action Fraud to report cyber crimes.
The Joint Cyber Reserve is part of the Joint Forces Cyber Group delivering defence cyber capability and providing support to the Joint Cyber Units in Cheltenham and Corsham. Cyber Reserve units include 53 Signal Squadron, the only Reserve Royal Signals unit in Wales & 614 Squadron, an Auxiliary RAF Unit specialising in intelligence work.
The NCSC was set up to help protect our critical services from cyber attacks, managing major incidents and improve the underlying security of the UK Internet through technological improvement and advice to citizens and organisations. Our vision is to help make the UK the safest place to live and do business online.
The National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) is the UK’s authority on cyber security. We are a part of GCHQ. The NCSC brings together and replaces CESG (the information security arm of GCHQ), the Centre for Cyber Assessment (CCA), Computer Emergency Response Team UK (CERT UK) and the cyber-related responsibilities of the Centre for the Protection of National Infrastructure (CPNI). The NCSC has access to some of the most sophisticated capabilities available to government. We acknowledge the sensitivity of these resources, whilst working to make the benefits of our expertise as widely available as possible. Further information is available by downloading and reading the NCSC overview.
The NCSC’s main purpose is to reduce the cyber security risk to the UK by improving its cyber security and cyber resilience. We work together with UK organisations, businesses and individuals to provide authoritative and coherent cyber security advice and cyber incident management. This is underpinned by world class research and innovation. We recognise that, despite all our efforts to reduce risks and enhance security, incidents will happen. When they do, the NCSC will provide effective incident response to minimise harm to the UK, help with recovery, and learn lessons for the future.
TARIAN is the name for the Southern Wales Regional Organised Crime Unit (ROCU) and was launched 2003 in response to the increased threat of Class A drugs in communities. During 2003 operation Tarian created a Regional Task Force (RTF) and Regional Intelligence Unit (RIU), both becoming fully operational in January 2004. The unit was further enhanced by the co-location of the Regional Asset Recovery Team (RART) in March 2004 and a new Regional Protected Persons Unit began operations in January 2013. The Regional Cyber Crime Unit (RCCU) was added to the Tarian family early 2014. The RCCU tackles those responsible for the most serious incidents of: Computer intrusion; Distribution of malicious code; Denial of service attack. The Unit, working closely with the National Cyber Crime Unit (NCCU), provides a national investigative response to the most serious incidents of cyber-crime. The Unit are also working collaboratively with Welsh Government with the aim of developing a ‘secure digital nation’. Current information available suggests that 80% of Cyber crime is preventable and it is our intention through partnership engagement and education to develop Wales as a safe place to live, visit and do business.
TITAN, the name for the North West Regional Organised Crime Unit, was established in 2009 as a collaboration between the six police forces in Cumbria, Cheshire, Lancashire, Greater Manchester, Merseyside and North Wales to tackle serious organised crime that crosses county borders in the region. The mission of the unit is simple - to tackle organised crime groups causing the greatest levels of harm to communities in the North West. The unit is comprised of five teams working closely together and includes representatives from Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs, UK Border Agency and the National Crime Agency. Those teams are: the Regional Intelligence Unit (RIU), the Regional Crime Unit (RCU), the Regional Asset Recovery Team (RART), Regional Cyber Crime Unit (RCCU) and the Protected Persons Service Unit (PPS). The Regional Cyber Crime Unit (RCCU) is the latest addition to the region and was set up to tackle cyber crime and cyber attacks. The unit will specialise in tracking down those engaged in large-scale computer fraud and identity theft, as well as tackling the most serious computer hacking enquiries.
South Wales Police is the largest police force in Wales and although geographically small, covering around 812 square miles and equating to just 10% of the geographical area of Wales, South Wales Police provides a policing service to 1.3 million people (42% of the country’s population). South Wales is a diverse region, boasting urban, rural and coastal areas and featuring the two largest cities in Wales – Swansea and the capital city, Cardiff. The force also serves 63 of the 100 most deprived communities in Wales. The force has almost 3000 police officers and over 2200 police staff, including Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) and a team of dedicated volunteers that includes over 100 Special Constables and around 150 Police Youth Volunteers.
On 1st April 1967, Newport Borough Police and Monmouthshire Constabulary were amalgamated to form Gwent Police. We now cover an area of 600 square miles, encompassing the five Local Authority areas of Blaenau Gwent, Caerphilly, Monmouthshire, Newport and Torfaen. The Gwent Policing area is a combination of rural and urban. The road network carries large volumes of traffic including the M4 link to the South, with Gwent Police now responsible for policing the Second Severn Crossing. As of April 2017 the Force has almost 1,200 Police Officers, approximately 600 Police staff, around 130 Police Community Support Officers, nearly 100 Special Constables and a team of more than 415 dedicated volunteers, including Cadets.
The area served by Dyfed-Powys Police includes Carmarthenshire, Ceredigion, Pembrokeshire and Powys. We serve more than 515,000 people, which rises significantly with tourists each year. Almost half of the total resident population is aged 45 and over, and 22% are aged over 65. 32% of our communities can speak Welsh: 18.6% in Powys, 47.4% in Ceredigion, 43.9% in Carmarthenshire and 19.3% in Pembrokeshire. The area has over one million hectares of agricultural land, more than 350 miles of coastline, and stretches from St David’s in the west to Crickhowell in the east, and up to Welshpool and Machynlleth in the north.
North Wales Police is made up of many departments, specialising in skills ranging from finance to forensic science, administration to application development. Here at North Wales Police we take equality and diversity seriously, both within the organisation and in the communities we serve. North Wales Police work in partnership with many authorities and organisations. In North Wales Police we take our responsibilities to our bilingual and Welsh speaking communities very seriously. Over the years we have developed a number of initiatives to improve our ability to demonstrate linguistic courtesy and to offer a genuine language choice to the public. We are also working to offer that same language choice to our staff. Whilst all of our staff can speak English, nearly a third of our staff are bilingual and speak Welsh fluently.
53 (Wales & Western) Signals Squadron are the only Reserve Signal Squadron in Wales! Based in Cardiff we also have personnel in Gloucester. We provide Information Communications System Support to Defence and Civilian agencies all over the UK and abroad. The Royal Signals are the Army's professional communicators. Everywhere the Army deploys – from Special Forces and intelligence gathering teams to personnel deployed in armoured vehicles, the Royals Signals deploy. The Royal Signals has deployed on every operation the Army has been involved in – reliable, secure communications are a vital requirement in every possible situation. Whether fighting to set up complex information and radio networks under fire, enabling communications for humanitarian missions or providing 3G networks for multinational forces, the Royal Signals tackle a wide range of operations using their diverse skill set in times of peace and conflict.
614 (County of Glamorgan) Squadron RAF Reservists serve in a wide variety of roles – from Photographers to Intelligence Specialists. The RAF Reserves’ role is to: defend the UK and its interests; strengthen international peace and stability; and be a force for good in the world. We do this by fulfilling the RAF’s vision for ‘an agile, adaptable and capable Air Force that, person for person, is second to none, and that makes a decisive air power contribution in support of the UK Defence Mission’. RAF Reservists work shoulder to shoulder alongside regular RAF personnel, in the UK and on overseas operations, bringing their passion, dedication and team spirit wherever they serve. As an RAF Reservist, you could serve your country and in return for your time and energy, you’ll enjoy genuine challenges, improve your fitness, learn valuable career skills and meet a group of friends who will always be there for you.